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This report shows the number and percent of Vermont residents who were born in Vermont. It does not account for migration and return patterns, but only counts the number of people living in Vermont during the data collection period who were also born there. In general, migration across states typically take place from and to close by or adjacent states. However, other factors, such as climate or job opportunities can override these geographic considerations (Poston & Bouvier, 2010). This information is important as a demographic indicator of population migration trends.

This report uses data from the United States Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS), an ongoing, national survey. The ACS replaces the Decennial Census “long form” and is now the only source for Census Bureau data on topics such as ancestry, educational attainment, income, spoken languages, migration, disability, employment, and housing features.

Vermont Insights uses 5-year ACS estimates to increase the reliability of the data for all geographic areas.

For more information on the ACS, including sampling and response rates for Vermont, see:

In order to calculate the percentage of residents born in Vermont the numerator of residents born in Vermont was divided by the denominator of total residents.

For complete information on the limitations of ACS data, go to

Some considerations when using and interpreting the ACS data include:

ACS estimates represent the conditions that might have been present at any time within the estimate time period. ACS estimates should only be compared with like estimates. For example, 1-year data can only be compared with other 1-year data and cannot be compared with 3- or 5-year data.

If using the ACS for longitudinal analysis (comparisons over time), multi-year estimates should not overlap.