Working to reduce women’s use of harmful substances during pregnancy has been one of Vermont’s key public health initiatives in recent years. This includes reducing the number of women using tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, illicit opioids, and other harmful substances during pregnancy. A substance-free pregnancy is important for the health of a baby.

Cigarette smoking during pregnancy can lead to tissue damage, preterm delivery, low birth weight, and increased risk of SIDS [1]. In Vermont over the last decade, rates of smoking during the pregnancy have decreased from 20% in 2008 to 15.5% in 2017 [2]. Data on smoking cessation strategies and rates of advice and referral are available in the 2018 PRAMS Highlights.

Additional information about how Vermont addresses the health of children and families can be found in the State Health Improvement Plan and in the Division of Maternal and Child Health’s Strategic Plan.

Return to the Table of Contents for the 2019 How Are Vermont’s Young Children and Families? report.

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). Smoking During Pregnancy.

2. Vermont Department of Health (2019). Vermont Vital Statistics & Vermont Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System – 2017.